准备机器

  • harpoxy_MASTER - 172.16.8.129
  • haproxy_BACKUP - 172.16.8.130
  • WEB_APP_SERVER_1 - 172.16.8.131
  • WEB_APP_SERVER_2 - 172.16.8.132

注: 1. virtual server: 172.16.8.252 (非真实机器, 只需要在web app server上配下这个IP) 2. 所有机器都安装的Debian 7.5 (wheezy)

安装软件

haproxy_MASTER上安装配置haproxy和keepalived

$ ssh haproxy_MASTER
$ sudo bash -c "echo 'deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install haproxy keepalived

配置haproxy

$ cat /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
global
        log 127.0.0.1   local0 notice
        maxconn 2000
        chroot /var/lib/haproxy
        user haproxy
        group haproxy
        daemon

defaults
        log     global
        mode    http
        option  httplog
        option  dontlognull
        option  redispatch
        contimeout 5000
        clitimeout 50000
        srvtimeout 50000
        retries 3
        errorfile 400 /etc/haproxy/errors/400.http
        errorfile 403 /etc/haproxy/errors/403.http
        errorfile 408 /etc/haproxy/errors/408.http
        errorfile 500 /etc/haproxy/errors/500.http
        errorfile 502 /etc/haproxy/errors/502.http
        errorfile 503 /etc/haproxy/errors/503.http
        errorfile 504 /etc/haproxy/errors/504.http

listen webserver 0.0.0.0:80
    mode http
    stats enable
    stats uri /haproxy?stats
    stats realm Strictly\ Private
    stats auth admin:admin
    balance roundrobin
    #option httpclose
    option http-server-close
    timeout http-keep-alive 3000
    option forwardfor
    cookie SRVNAME insert
    server app1 172.16.8.131:80 cookie S1 check
    server app2 172.16.8.132:80 cookie S2 check

配置keepalived

$ cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
router_id LVS_MASTER #BACKUP上修改为LVS_BACKUP
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER          #BACKUP上修改为BACKUP
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51  #与备机的id必须一致
    priority 100          #BACKUP上修改为80
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        172.16.8.252     #virtual server
    }
}

haproxy_BACKUP上安装配置haproxy和keepalived

$ ssh haproxy_BACKUP
$ sudo bash -c "echo 'deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install haproxy keepalived

配置haproxy

$ cat /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
global
        log 127.0.0.1   local0 notice
        maxconn 2000
        chroot /var/lib/haproxy
        user haproxy
        group haproxy
        daemon

defaults
        log     global
        mode    http
        option  httplog
        option  dontlognull
        option  redispatch
        contimeout 5000
        clitimeout 50000
        srvtimeout 50000
        retries 3
        errorfile 400 /etc/haproxy/errors/400.http
        errorfile 403 /etc/haproxy/errors/403.http
        errorfile 408 /etc/haproxy/errors/408.http
        errorfile 500 /etc/haproxy/errors/500.http
        errorfile 502 /etc/haproxy/errors/502.http
        errorfile 503 /etc/haproxy/errors/503.http
        errorfile 504 /etc/haproxy/errors/504.http

listen webserver 0.0.0.0:80
    mode http
    stats enable
    stats uri /haproxy?stats
    stats realm Strictly\ Private
    stats auth admin:admin
    balance roundrobin
    #option httpclose
    option http-server-close
    timeout http-keep-alive 3000
    option forwardfor
    cookie SRVNAME insert
    server app1 172.16.8.131:80 cookie S1 check
    server app2 172.16.8.132:80 cookie S2 check

配置keepalived

$ cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
global_defs {
router_id LVS_BACKUP #BACKUP上修改为LVS_BACKUP
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP          #BACKUP上修改为BACKUP
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51  #与备机的id必须一致
    priority 80           #BACKUP上修改为80
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        172.16.8.252     #virtual server
    }
}

配置WEB_APP_SERVER_1

安装nginx

$ ssh WEB_APP_SERVER_1
$ sudo apt-get install nginx
$ sudo bash -c 'echo "Web App Server 1" > /usr/share/nginx/www/index.html'

配置IP

$ sudo ifconfig eth0:0 172.16.8.252 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

修改配置文件 (上面的配置重启后需要重新输入命令)

$ cat /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
auto eth0
auto eth0:0

iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
allow-hotplug eth0
#iface eth0 inet dhcp
iface eth0 inet static
        address 172.16.8.131
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        gateway 172.16.8.2

iface eth0:0 inet static
        address 172.16.8.252
        netmask 255.255.255.255
        gateway 172.16.8.2

配置WEB_APP_SERVER_2

安装nginx

$ ssh WEB_APP_SERVER_2
$ sudo apt-get install nginx
$ sudo bash -c 'echo "Web App Server 2" > /usr/share/nginx/www/index.html'

配置IP

$ sudo ifconfig eth0:0 172.16.8.252 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

修改配置文件 (上面的配置重启后需要重新输入命令)

$ cat /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
auto eth0
auto eth0:0

iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
allow-hotplug eth0
#iface eth0 inet dhcp
iface eth0 inet static
        address 172.16.8.132
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        gateway 172.16.8.2

iface eth0:0 inet static
        address 172.16.8.252
        netmask 255.255.255.255
        gateway 172.16.8.2

启动haproxy, keepalived

$ ssh haproxy_MASTER
$ sudo service haproxy restart
$ sudo service keepalived restart

$ ssh haproxy_BACKUP
$ sudo service haproxy restart
$ sudo service keepalived restart

测试

查看服务器状态

$ while true; do curl 172.16.8.252; curl 172.16.8.252; sleep 1; done
Web App Server 1
Web App Server 2
Web App Server 1
Web App Server 2
...

查看haproxy状态

关闭haproxy_MASTER查看web服务是否正常工作

$ ssh haproxy_MASTER
$ sudo shutdown -h now

$ while true; do curl 172.16.8.252; curl 172.16.8.252; sleep 1; done
Web App Server 1
Web App Server 2
Web App Server 1
Web App Server 2
...

关闭WEB_APP_SERVER_1查看web服务是否正常工作

$ ssh WEB_APP_SERVER_1
$ sudo shutdown -h now

$ while true; do curl 172.16.8.252; curl 172.16.8.252; sleep 1; done
Web App Server 2
Web App Server 2
Web App Server 2
Web App Server 2
...